Hsiao Chin

1935 Shanghai China

Introduction

Born in 1935 in Shanghai, Hsiao Chin is part of the second generation of Chinese diaspora painters. He moved to Taiwan in 1949, and in 1955 graduated from the Fine Arts Department of the National Taiwan Normal University, having studied drawing under Chu Teh-Chun. In 1956, Hsiao co-founded the Ton-Fan art movement, which in contrast to the Fifth Moon Group, sought to situate itself as part of other international modern art movements. He went on to organise over thirty overseas exhibitions for the Ton-Fan group, bringing a new era of Taiwan art to the world stage. He later founded the Punto movement. In 1956, the Spanish Government awarded Hsiao an art scholarship to be completed in Barcelona. In 1959, he settled in Milan and continued to live in Italy for over forty years while travelling to Paris, London, New York and Asia. In 1996, he returned to Taipei as a Professor of Painting at the Tainan National University of the Arts. In 2005, he retired and was awarded the title of Knight and “Star of Solidarity” by the Italian president.

Alisan Fine Arts has included Hsiao in several important group shows and organised two solo exhibitions for the artist in 1987 and 1993. Hsiao has held numerous solo shows and has been included in group exhibitions throughout Europe, the United States, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. He has also personally organised several travelling exhibitions of Chinese art in Europe, and of European contemporary art in Taiwan. Several retrospective exhibitions have been held in honour of the artist, including at Studio Marconi, Milan in 1988, the National Taiwan Museum of Fines Arts in 1992, Shanghai Art Museum and Guangdong Art Museum in 2004, National Art Museum of China, Beijing in 2006, and the Kaohsiung Museum of Fine Arts in 2010. In 2000 he exhibited at the 7th Venice Biennale of Architecture. His works have been collected by the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Museum of Modern Art, New York; Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, Rome; Museo de Arte Moderno, Barcelona; Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, Germany; Musée Cantonal des Beaux-Arts, Lausanne; Taipei National Fine Arts Museum; National Museum of History, Taipei; National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts; National Art Museum of China, Beijing; Shanghai Art Museum.


BIOGRAPHY
 
1935     Born in Shanghai, China. Son of Hsiao Yo-Mei, composer, conductor, and founder of the National Conservatory in Shanghai
1949     Moved to Taiwan with his family
1951     Entered the National Taiwan Normal University and studied at the Faculty of Fine Arts until 1955
1951-55     Studied painting and drawing in Taipei with Li Chun-Sen
1956     Received a scholarship from the Spanish government and went to Barcelona, Spain
Met the Spanish “Informalism” group including artists such as Tapies, Saura, Cuixart, Millares, and Feito
Proceeded to travel and work in Spain, France, England, and Italy
1957     Founding member of the first Chinese Abstract Art Movement, the “ Ton Fan Group”, Taipei, Taiwan
1959     Moved to Milan, Italy, and there became acquainted with Fontana, Manzoni, and Castellani
1961     Founding member of the International Punto Movement, Milan, Italy
1964-72     Worked and lived in Paris, London, New York and Milan
1969     Taught painting and design at Southampton College, Long Island, New York City, USA
1974     Be granted Italian citizenship
1978     Founding member of the International Art Movement “Surya”, Milan, Italy
1983     Taught artistic anatomy at the Academy of Fine Arts, Urbino, Italy
1985     Taught technique at the Brera Academy, Milan, Italy
1986     Invited to the Commemoration Ceremony of the 120th Anniversary of the birth of Sun Yat-Sen
1988     Studio Marconi in Milan organized a large retrospective exhibition of Hsiao Chin’s work from 1958 to 1988
1990     The University of Macerata honoured him with a show of his Tienanmen series, created during his stay in Mainland China in 1989
1992     The Taiwan Museum of Art honoured him with a retrospective show of his works from the years 1955 to 1992
2005     Award Knight title “Star of Solidarity” by Italian President
Retired from Tainan National University of the Arts, and awarded as “Emeritus Professor”
2016     Works included in gallery monograph Alisan Fine Arts 35 Years, Alisan Fine Arts, Hong Kong


SELECTED SOLO EXHIBTIONS

2021   

  • Hsiao Chin at 85: An Exhibition of Transcendent, Kaohsiung Museum of Fine Arts, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

2015   

  • Hsiao Chin, De Sarthe Gallery, Hong Kong
2014
  • Eternal Energy, Lotus Art Gallery, Kaohsiung, Taiwan 
2010
  • Homage to the Master: Rtrospective of Hsiao Chin, Kaohsiung Museum of Fine Arts, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
2007
  • Hsiao Chin: Taiyu Beaux-Arts Salon, Chiayi, Taiwan
2006
  • Hsiao Chin's Painting 1955-2005, National Art Museum of China, Beijing, China 
2004
  • Retrospective ExhibitionShanghai Art Museum, Shanghai, China
  • Retrospective Exhibition, Guangdong Museum of Art, Guangzhou, China
2003
  • Travelling Exhibtion, Chiao Tung University Arts Centre, Hsin Chu; Ocean University Arts Centre, Tainan; Central University Art Centre, Chungli; Chekung University Art Centre, Tainan National Univerity, Tainan; Chungshun University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
2002
  • Exhibition of Works on Paper, Canvas and Ceramic, Galleria Marconi, Milan, Italy
  • Fondazione Mudima, Studio Lattuada, Spazio Oberdan
1996
  • Flash Art Museum, Umbria, Italy 
1995
  • Taipei Fine Arts, Museum, Taiwan
1994
  • 1st exhibtion in China, Central Art Academy, Beijing; China Art Academy, Hangzhou, China 
1993
  • A Taoist Way to Colour: Recent Paintings by Hsiao Chin, Alisan Fine Arts, Hong Kong
  • Contemporary Art Gallery, Taichung, Taiwan 
1992
  • Hsiao Chin Retrospective Exhibition, Taiwan Museum of Art, Taipei, Taiwan
1988
  • Hsiao Chin Retrospective ExhibitionStudio Marconi, Milan, Italy
1987
  • Hsiao Chin, Alisan Fine Arts, Hong Kong
1985
  • Hong Kong Institute for Promotion of Chinese Culture, Hong Kong
  • Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
1978
  • National Museum of History, Taipei, Taiwan

SELECTED GROUP EXHIBTIONS
2021
  • Ink Dreams: Selections from the Fondation INK Collection, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, USA

2020
  • Shanghai Waves Historical Archives and Works of Shanghai Biennial, Museum of Contemporary Art, Shanghai, China

2019
  • Inquiry on Water: Exhibition & International Symposium, Suning rt Museum, Shanghai, China
2015
  • Art Taipei 2015, Taipei, Taiwan
2012
  • YES, TAIWAN - 2012 Taiwan Biennial, National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts, Taichung, Taiwan 
2010
2011
  • Abstract Art in Taiwan, Taipei Fine Art Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
2004
  • Beyond Representation, Alisan Fine Arts, Hong Kong
2000
  • 7th Biennal International of Architecture of Venice, Venice, Italy 
1998
  • Shanghai Biennial, Shanghai, China 
1997
1995
1992
  • Art Asia Hong Kong, Alisan Fine Arts, Hong Kong Convention & Exhibition Centre, Hong Kong
1990
  • International Art Centre, Taipei, Taiwan
1989
  • Contmporary Art Centre, Taichung, Taiwan
1985
  • Hong Kong Institute for Promotion of Chinese Culture, Hong Kong
  • Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
1978
  • National Museum of History, Taipei, Taiwan
1975
  • Civic Museum of Modern Art, Modena, Italy
1964
  • Museum of Maribor, Maribor, Yugoslavia
  • Municipal Museum, Mataró, Spain
 
SELECTED AWARDS
1994 First Prize of the XXI Premio Internazionale 'Arte Contemporanea, Sulmona (AQ), Italy
1989 First Achievement Award from the Li Chun-Sen Foudation of Contemporary Painting, Taipei, Taiwan
1985 Prize awarded at the XIII Art Awards in the city of Gallarate, Italy
1984 Gold medal of Norwegian International Print Biennale, Fredristad, Norway
1976 Second Prize of International Art, Filottrao, Italy
1975 Master of Italian Painting Prize, Marsala, Italy
1969 Capo d'Orlando painting prize

SELECTED PUBLIC COLLECTIONS 
Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA
New York Public Library, New York, USA
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, USA
Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, USA
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, USA
Fogg Art Museum, Boston, USA
Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, Rome, Italy
Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart, Germany
Musée Cantonal des Beaux-Arts, Lausanne, Switzerland
National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK
Museo de Arte Moderno, Barcelona, Spain
Museo de Arte Contemporaneo, Barcelona, Spain
National Art Museum of China, Beijing, China
Shanghai Art Museum, Shanghai, China
Taipei National Fine Arts Museum, Taipei, Taiwan
National Museum of History, Taipei, Taiwan
National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts, Taichung, Taiwan